Journal articles and essays

Some of these academic articles or book chapters are accessible from this site on open access, but most will need to be looked up in the books or journals concerned.

‘Britain and China, and India, 1830s-1947’, chapter in Robert Bickers and Jonathan J. Howlett, eds, Britain and China: Empire, Finance and War (Routledge, 2015 ).

‘Moving stories: Memorialisation and its legacies in treaty port China’, Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History 42:5 (2014), pp. 826-56. DOI:

‘Loose ties that bind: British empire, colonial authority and Hong Kong’, in Ray Yep (ed.), Negotiating Autonomy in Greater China: Hong Kong and Its Sovereign Before and After 1997, (Copenhagen: Nordic Institute of Asian Studies Press, 2013), pp. 29-54. ISBN: 978877694119 2.

‘Infrastructural Globalisation: The Chinese Maritime Customs and the Lighting of the China Coast 1860s-1930s’, Historical Journal 56:2 (2013), pp. 431-458. DOI: 10.1017/S0018246X13000010

‘British concessions and Chinese cities, 1920s-1930s’, in New Narratives of Urban Space in Republican Chinese Cities: Emerging social, legal, and governance orders, Edited by Billy K.L. So and Madeleine Zelin (Leiden: Brill, 2013), pp. 157-96. ISBN: 9789004249905. PDF available here.

‘The Challenger: Hugh Hamilton Lindsay and the rise of British Asia, 1832-1865’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society 6th series, 22 (2012), pp 141-169. DOI:

‘The lives and deaths of photographs in early treaty port China’, in Visualizing China 1845-1965: Moving and Still images in Historical Narratives, edited by Christian Henriot and Wen-hsin Yeh (Leiden: Brill, 2012), pp. 3-38. ISBN: 9789004228207.

‘Incubator city: Shanghai and the crises of empires’, Special issue of Journal of Urban History, 38:5 (2012), pp. 862-878. DOI: 10.1177/0096144212449139

‘‘Good work for China in every possible direction’: the Foreign Inspectorate of the Chinese Maritime Customs, 1854-1950’, in Bryna Goodman and David Goodman (eds), Twentieth Century Colonialism and China: Localities, the Everyday, and the World (London: Routledge 2012), pp. 25-36.

‘British travel writing from China in the Nineteenth Century’, Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 54 (2011), pp. 785-793. Review article.

‘Shanghailanders and others: British communities in China, 1843-1957’, in Bickers (ed.), Settlers and expatriates: Britons over the seas, (Oxford: OUP, 2010), pp. 269-301). Also wrote introduction, pp. 1-17.

‘Anglo-Japanese Relations in China: the case of the Chinese Maritime Customs Service, 1899-1941’ in Antony Best (ed.), The International History of East Asia, 1900-1968: Ideology, Trade and the Quest for Order (Routledge: 2010), pp. 35-56.

‘Citizenship by correspondence in the Shanghai International Settlement, 1919-43’ in Yves Chevrier, Alain Roux et Xiaohong Xiao-Planes (eds), Citadins et citoyens dans la Chine du XXe siècle. Essais d’historie sociale. En homage à Marie-Claire Bergère (Paris: EHESS/MSH, 2010), pp. 227-262.

‘On not being Macao(ed) in Hong Kong: British official minds and actions in 1967’, in Bickers and Yep (eds), May Days in Hong Kong, pp. 53-67, 2009.

‘1932年的石碑山: ——灯塔阴影里的生与死’ (Breaker Point 1932: Life and death in the shadow of the lighthouse’, in Provincial China 1:1 (e-journal, January 2009, ), and in Sun Lixin and Lu Xixu (eds) 殖民主义与中国近代社会——国际学术会议论文集Colonialism and modern China: papers from an international symposium (Beijing: People’s Publishing House, 2009), pp. 8-43.

‘The Chinese Maritime Customs at War, 1941-45’, Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History 36:2 (2008), pp. 295-311. DOI: 10.1080/03086530802180643 Also in this issue: ‘Revisiting the Chinese Maritime Customs Service, 1854-1950’, pp. 221-226. Introduction to a special section, which I edited. DOI: 10.1080/03086530802180676

‘Drink Ewo Beer’, in Thistle and Jade: A Celebration of 175 years of Jardine, Matheson & Co, ed Maggie Keswick, revised ed. Clara Weatherall, Frances Lincoln Publishers, 2008.

‘Paul Cohen, the Boxers, and Alfred, Lord Tennyson’, The Chinese Historical Review, 14:2 (2007), pp. 192-195.

‘Transforming Frank Peasgood: Family photographs and Shanghai narratives’, European Journal of East Asian Studies 6:1 (2007), pp. 111-122.

New Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford University Press, 2004). New entries on Sir Edmund Backhouse, John Otway Percy Bland, James Duncan Campbell, Sir Reginald Fleming Johnston, William Lavino, Jessie Kemp Pigott, Sax Rohmer, John Samuel Swire and G. W. Swire. Revised entries on T. T. Cooper, William Medhurst, Robert Morrison, J. K. Swire, and Alexander Wylie.

‘Purloined letters: History and the Chinese Maritime Customs Service’, Modern Asian Studies 40:3 (2006), pp. 691-723. DOI: 10.1017/S0026749X06002083

‘Ordering Shanghai: Policing a treaty port, 1854-1900’ in Maritime Empires: British Imperial Maritime Trade in the Nineteenth Century, ed. by David Killingray, Margarette Lincoln and Nigel Rigby (The Boydell Press in association with the National Maritime Museum, 2004), pp. 173-194.

‘Settlers and Diplomats: the end of British hegemony in the International Settlement’ in In the shadow of the rising sun: Shanghai under Japanese occupation, 1937-45, edited by Christian Henriot and Wen-hsin Yeh (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004), pp. 229-56.

‘管理上海维持通商口岸的治安 Guanli Shanghai: weichi tongshang kouan de zhi’an’ (Ordering Shanghai: Policing a treaty port’ in Changlin Ma (chief ed.), Zujie li de Shanghai (title given in English as ‘Shanghai in the Foreign Concessions’) (Shanghai: Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences Publishing House, 2003), pp. 271-92.

‘“The Greatest Cultural Asset East of Suez”: the History and Politics of the Shanghai Municipal Orchestra and Public band, 1881-1946’, in Chi-hsiung Chang, chief ed., Ershi shiji de Zhongguo yu shijie (China and the world in the twentieth century) (Taibei: Institute of History, Academia Sinica, 2001), pp. 835-75. Chinese translation published as ‘上海工部局乐队与公共乐队的历史与政治’ in: Xiong Yuezhi et al (eds), Shanghai de waiguorren 1842-1949 (Foreigners in Shanghai, 1842-1949) (Shanghai: Shanghai guji chubanshe, 2003), pp. 40-63. PDF available here.

‘The business of a secret war: Operation ‘Remorse’ and SOE salesmanship in wartime China’, Intelligence and National Security 16:4 (2001), pp. 11-37. DOI: 10.1080/02684520412331306280

‘Who were the Shanghai Municipal Police, and why where they there? The British recruits of 1919’, in Bickers and Henriot (eds), New Frontiers: Imperialism’s new Communities in East Asia 1842-1952 (2000), pp.170-91. Chinese translation published as ‘谁是上海的巡捕,为什么他们在那里? 1919 的新募英国巡捕’in: Xiong Yuezhi et al (eds), Shanghai de waiguorren 1842-1949 (Foreigners in Shanghai, 1842-1949)

‘Shanghailanders: The Formation and Identity of the British Settler Community in Shanghai, 1843-1937’, Past and Present, No.159 (May 1998), pp. 161-211. (Shanghai: Shanghai guji chubanshe, 2003), pp. 64-85.

‘Hong Kong’s Transitions: The Shifting Roles of the Colony in the British informal empire in China’, in Judith M. Brown and Rosemary Foot (eds), Hong Kong’s Transitions (London: Macmillan, 1997), pp.33-61.

‘To Serve And Not To Rule: British Protestant Missions and Chinese Nationalism, 1927-1931’, in Bickers and Seton (eds), Missionary Encounters (1996), pp.211-239.

‘Death of a Young Shanghailander: The Thorburn Case and the Defence of the British Treaty Ports in China in 1931’, Modern Asian Studies, 30: 2 (1996), pp. 271-300.

‘通商口岸与马加尔呢使团 ‘Tongshang kou’an yu Majiaerni shituan’ (The Treaty Ports and the Macartney Embassy) Jindaishi yanjiu (Modern History Research) (Beijing), 85:1 (1995), pp. 44-61. Also published in Zhang Zhilian ed., ZhongYing tongshi erbai zhounian xueshu taolunhui lunwenji (Proceedings of the Chengde Conference on the Bicentenary of Sino-British Relations 1793-1993) (Beijing: Zhongguo kexue chubanshe, 1996), pp. 314-331.

“Coolie work’: Sir Reginald Johnston at the School of Oriental Studies, 1931-1937’, Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, Series III, 5:3 (November, 1995), pp. 383-401.

(With Jeffrey Wasserstrom) ‘Shanghai’s ‘Chinese and Dogs Not Admitted’ Sign: History, Legend and Contemporary Symbol’, The China Quarterly, No.142, (June 1995), pp. 444-466. PDF available here.

‘History, Legend, and Treaty Port Ideology, 1925-1931’, in Bickers (ed.), Ritual and Diplomacy, pp.81-92.

‘New light on Lao She, London, and the London Missionary Society, 1921-1929’, Modern Chinese Literature, 8:1-2 (Spring/Fall 1994), pp.21-40